VMSTAT(8)                                                Linux Administrator's Manual                                                VMSTAT(8)

NAME

       vmstat - Report virtual memory statistics

SYNOPSIS

       vmstat [-a] [-n] [delay [ count]]
       vmstat [-f] [-s] [-m]
       vmstat [-S unit]
       vmstat [-d]
       vmstat [-D]
       vmstat [-p disk partition]
       vmstat [-V]

DESCRIPTION

       vmstat reports information about processes, memory, paging, block IO, traps, disks and cpu activity.

       The  first  report  produced  gives averages since the last reboot.  Additional reports give information on a sampling period of length
       delay.  The process and memory reports are instantaneous in either case.

   Options
       The -a switch displays active/inactive memory, given a 2.5.41 kernel or better.

       The -f switch displays the number of forks since boot.  This includes the fork, vfork, and clone system calls, and is equivalent to the
       total  number  of  tasks  created.  Each process is represented by one or more tasks, depending on thread usage.  This display does not
       repeat.

       The -m displays slabinfo.

       The -n switch causes the header to be displayed only once rather than periodically.

       The -s switch displays a table of various event counters and memory statistics. This display does not repeat.

       delay is the delay between updates in seconds.  If no delay is specified, only one report is printed  with  the  average  values  since
       boot.

       count is the number of updates.  If no count is specified and delay is defined, count defaults to infinity.

       The -d reports disk statistics (2.5.70 or above required)

       The -D reports some summary statistics about disk activity.

       The -p followed by some partition name for detailed statistics (2.5.70 or above required)

       The  -S  followed by k or K or m or M switches changes the units of ouput from bytes to outputs between 1000, 1024, 1000000, or 1048576
       bytes. Note this does not change the swap (si/so) or block (bi/bo) fields.

       The -V switch results in displaying version information.

FIELD DESCRIPTION FOR VM MODE

   Procs
       r: The number of processes waiting for run time.
       b: The number of processes in uninterruptible sleep.

   Memory
       swpd: the amount of virtual memory used.
       free: the amount of idle memory.
       buff: the amount of memory used as buffers.
       cache: the amount of memory used as cache.
       inact: the amount of inactive memory. (-a option)
       active: the amount of active memory. (-a option)

   Swap
       si: Amount of memory swapped in from disk (/s).
       so: Amount of memory swapped to disk (/s).

   IO
       bi: Blocks received from a block device (blocks/s).
       bo: Blocks sent to a block device (blocks/s).

   System
       in: The number of interrupts per second, including the clock.
       cs: The number of context switches per second.

   CPU
       These are percentages of total CPU time.
       us: Time spent running non-kernel code. (user time, including nice time)
       sy: Time spent running kernel code. (system time)
       id: Time spent idle. Prior to Linux 2.5.41, this includes IO-wait time.
       wa: Time spent waiting for IO. Prior to Linux 2.5.41, included in idle.
       st: Time stolen from a virtual machine. Prior to Linux 2.6.11, unknown.

FIELD DESCRIPTION FOR DISK MODE

   Reads
       total: Total reads completed successfully
       merged: grouped reads (resulting in one I/O)
       sectors: Sectors read successfully
       ms: milliseconds spent reading

   Writes
       total: Total writes completed successfully
       merged: grouped writes (resulting in one I/O)
       sectors: Sectors written successfully
       ms: milliseconds spent writing

   IO
       cur: I/O in progress
       s: seconds spent for I/O

FIELD DESCRIPTION FOR DISK PARTITION MODE

       reads: Total number of reads issued to this partition
       read sectors: Total read sectors for partition
       writes : Total number of writes issued to this partition
       requested writes: Total number of write requests made for partition

FIELD DESCRIPTION FOR SLAB MODE

       cache: Cache name
       num: Number of currently active objects
       total: Total number of available objects
       size: Size of each object
       pages: Number of pages with at least one active object

NOTES

       vmstat does not require special permissions.

       These reports are intended to help identify system bottlenecks.  Linux vmstat does not count itself as a running process.

       All linux blocks are currently 1024 bytes. Old kernels may report blocks as 512 bytes, 2048 bytes, or 4096 bytes.

       Since procps 3.1.9, vmstat lets you choose units (k, K, m, M) default is K (1024 bytes) in the default mode

       vmstat uses slabinfo 1.1    FIXME

FILES

       /proc/meminfo
       /proc/stat
       /proc/*/stat

SEE ALSO

       iostat(1), sar(1), mpstat(1), ps(1), top(1), free(1)

BUGS

       Does not tabulate the block io per device or count the number of system calls.

AUTHORS

       Written by Henry Ware <al172@yfn.ysu.edu>.
       Fabian Frédérick <ffrederick@users.sourceforge.net> (diskstat, slab, partitions...)
 

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