service(8)                                                                                                                          service(8)

NAME

       service - run a System V init script

SYNOPSIS

       service SCRIPT COMMAND [OPTIONS]

       service --status-all

       service --help | -h | --version

DESCRIPTION

       service  runs  a System V init script or upstart job in as predictable environment as possible, removing most environment variables and
       with current working directory set to /.

       The SCRIPT parameter specifies a System V init script, located in /etc/init.d/SCRIPT, or the name of an upstart job in  /etc/init.  The
       existence  of  an upstart job of the same name as a script in /etc/init.d will cause the upstart job to take precedence over the init.d
       script.  The supported values of COMMAND depend on the  invoked  script,  service  passes  COMMAND  and  OPTIONS  to  the  init  script
       unmodified.  For  upstart  jobs,  start,  stop,  status, are passed through to their upstart equivilents. Restart will call the upstart
       'stop' for the job, followed immediately by the 'start', and will exit with the return code of the start command.  All  scripts  should
       support at least the start and stop commands.  As a special case, if COMMAND is --full-restart, the script is run twice, first with the
       stop command, then with the start command. This option has no effect on upstart jobs.

       service --status-all runs all init scripts, in alphabetical order, with the status command. This option only calls status for  sysvinit
       jobs, upstart jobs can be queried in a similar manner with initctl list'.

EXIT CODES

       service calls the init script and returns the status returned by it.

FILES

       /etc/init.d
              The directory containing System V init scripts.

       /etc/init
              The directory containing upstart jobs.

ENVIRONMENT

       LANG, TERM
              The only environment variables passed to the init scripts.

SEE ALSO

       /etc/init.d/skeleton,
       update-rc.d(8),
       init(8),
       invoke-rc.d(8).
       initctl(8).

                                                                   Jan 2006                                                         service(8)
 

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